Designing Skills

Candidates should be taught to:

  • be creative and innovative when designing;
  • design products to meet the needs of clients and consumers;
  • understand the design principles of form, function and fitness for purpose;
  • understand the role that designers and product developers have, and the impact and responsibility they have on and to society;
  • analyse and evaluate existing products, including those from professional designers;
  • to develop and use design briefs and specifications for product development;
  • consider the conflicting demands that moral, cultural, economic, and social values and needs can make in the planning and in the designing of products;
  • consider environmental and sustainability issues in designing products;
  • consider health and safety in all its aspects;
  • anticipate and design for product maintenance where appropriate;
  • design for manufacturing in quantity and to be aware of current commercial/industrial processes;
  • generate design proposals against stated design criteria, and to modify their proposals in the light of on-going analysis, evaluation and product development;
  • reflect critically when evaluating and modifying their design ideas and proposals in order to improve the products throughout inception and manufacture;
  • use, where appropriate, a range of graphic techniques and ICT (including digital media), including CAD, to generate, develop, model and communicate design proposals;
  • investigate and select appropriate materials and components;
  • plan and organise activities which involve the use of materials and components when developing or manufacturing;
  • devise and apply test procedures to check the quality of their work at critical/key points during development, and to indicate ways of modifying and improving it when necessary;
  • communicate the design proposal in an appropriate manner;
  • be flexible and adaptable when designing;
  • test and evaluate the final design proposal against the design specification;
  • evaluate the work of other designers to inform their own practice;
  • understand the advantages of working collaboratively as a member of a design team;
  • understand the need to protect design ideas.