3.3 Grammar

The grammar requirements for GCSE Italian are set out in two tiers: Foundation Tier and Higher Tier.

GCSE students will be expected to have acquired knowledge and understanding of Italian grammar during their course. In the exam they will be required to apply their knowledge and understanding, appropriate to the relevant tier of entry, drawing from the following lists. The examples in brackets are indicative, not exclusive. For structures marked (R), only receptive knowledge is required.

Students will be expected to develop and use their knowledge and understanding of this grammar progressively throughout their course.

Foundation Tier

Nouns

gender

singular and plural forms, including common irregulars eg la mano, il cinema, il/la ciclista, la foto, gli uomini

Articles

definite and indefinite

partitive

Adjectives

agreement

position

comparative and superlative: regular (più di, meno di, il più, il meno, tanto … quanto, cosí … come)

demonstrative (questo, quello)

indefinite: singular/plural usage (tutto, ogni, altro, qualche, alcuni)

possessive, short and long forms

interrogative (qual, quale, quali)

use of di and che after comparatives

Adverbs

formation

comparative and superlative

interrogative (come, quando)

adverbs of time and place (oggi, domani, qui, qua)

common adverbial phrases

ecco

Quantifiers/ intensifiers

common expressions of quantity (abbastanza, mezzo, molto, poco, un po’, tanto , troppo,quanto, quarto)

Pronouns

subject, including si

object: direct and indirect

direct and indirect object after an infinitive or gerund (R)

position and order of object pronouns (R)

reflexive

relative (che, cui) (quello che, il cui – (R))

disjunctive/emphatic

demonstrative

indefinite (nessuno, niente, ogni, qualcuno, qualcosa, qualche, uno, ognuno)

possessive (il mio etc – (R))

interrogative (chi, che, cosa, che cosa, quanto/a, quanti/e)

after ecco

use of ci, vi (R)

Verbs

regular and irregular verbs, including reflexive verbs

all persons of the verb, singular and plural

negative forms

interrogative forms

modes of address (tu, voi, Lei)

impersonal verbs (fa, bisogna)

verbs followed by an infinitive, with or without a preposition

tenses:

  • present
  • stare + gerund (R)
  • imperfect (avere, essere, stare, fare) (other common verbs (R))
  • immediate future (vengo subito, vado a fare la spesa)
  • future (R)
  • perfect with avere, essere + agreement
  • conditional (vorrei + mi piacerebbe only)
  • pluperfect (R)

Negatives

non, non … alcuno/a, non ancora, non … che, non … mai, non … né … né, non … niente, non … nessuno, non … nulla, non … più, non solo … ma anche , neanche, nemmeno, niente, nessuno, mai

Prepositions

common prepositions eg a, da, di, in, su, con, entro, fra, per, senza, tra

common compound prepositions eg vicino a, senza di, lontano da

contracted forms of prepositions + definite article (a, da, di, in, su)

use of da with present tense

Conjunctions

common coordinating conjunctions eg e/ed, ma, o (… o), oppure

common subordinating conjunctions eg quando, perché, anche se, poiché, se

Number, quantity, dates and time

  • ordinal and cardinal numbers
  • common quantities
  • time and dates

Higher Tier

Students entering for Higher Tier assessments will be required to apply all grammar and structures listed for Foundation Tier, in addition to the new grammar and structures listed for Higher Tier.

Nouns

less common irregulars eg il dito, la dita

Adjectives

common irregular comparative and superlative, including il migliore, il peggiore

use of quello and bello before a noun

Adverbs

common irregular comparative and superlative, including meglio, peggio

Pronouns

use of ci, ne

combinations of direct and indirect pronouns and their modifications

position and order of object pronouns

impersonal use of si (si fanno i compiti)

use of plural adjectives after si

direct and indirect object after an infinitive or gerund

relative: il quale, il cui, quello che

possessive (il mio etc)

less common indefinite eg ciascuno, parecchi, qualsiasi, qualunque

Verbs

dependent infinitives (far vedere)

perfect infinitive eg after dopo

impersonal constructions (si dice, si crede)

tenses:

  • stare + gerund
  • imperfect
  • future
  • conditional
  • pluperfect
  • future perfect (R)
  • conditional perfect (R)

passive voice

subjunctive mood: present, in commonly used expressions; past (R)

Prepositions

use of da with imperfect tense