3.2 Component 2: the four operations (calculator not allowed)
This content aims to develop the student’s understanding and use of the four operations.
Students will undertake calculations using mental arithmetic involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
Procedures for making and recording assessments
Class work assessed by the teacher in response to the outcomes set out below, or assessed by an externallyset assignment.
Outcomes to be accredited
In successfully completing this component, students will have demonstrated the ability to:
Entry 1
Outcomes 
Notes/examples 
GCSE reference 

1.1 Add two whole numbers with a total up to 20 
Zero can be one of the numbers Key words are add, sum, total, altogether Use the = sign to represent equality 
N2 
1.2 Subtract one number up to 20 from another 
Zero can be the number subtracted Key words are take, take away, subtract, difference, how much more, how much less 
N2 
1.3 Understand and use the + and – signs to solve simple number problems 
Work out 5 + 11 6 = 10  ? Understand that subtraction is the inverse of addition 
N2, N3 
Entry 2
Outcomes 
Notes/examples 
GCSE reference 

2.1 Add whole numbers with a total up to 100 
N2 

2.2 Subtract one number up to 100 from another 
N2 

2.3 Multiply using single digit whole numbers 
Key words are multiply, multiplication, times … lots of Understand that multiplication is the same as repeated addition 
N2 
2.4 Use and interpret +, , × and = in reallife situations for solving problems 
Dan had some sweets. He ate 13 and had 8 left. How many sweets did he start with? 
N2 
2.5 Recall and use multiplication facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables 
Entry 3
Outcomes 
Notes/examples 
GCSE reference 

3.1 Add and subtract using three digit numbers 
N2 

3.2 Multiply a two digit whole number by a single digit whole number 
N2 

3.3 Divide a two digit whole number by a single digit whole number 
Key words are divide, division, divided by, share equally, equal groups of’ Understand that division is the same as repeated subtraction Understand that division is the inverse of multiplication Interpret the remainder in a practical situation 
N2,N3 
3.4 Use and interpret +, –, x ,÷ and = in reallife situations for solving problems 
Could be multistep Kim bought three packs of 12 eggs. She used 4 eggs on Monday and 5 eggs on Tuesday. How many eggs did she have left? 
N2 
3.5 Use inverse operations to find missing numbers 
Work out the missing number 35 + ? = 124 

3.6 Estimate the answer to a calculation 

3.7 Recall and use multiplication facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables 