Results day

What to expect on results days, the documents you receive, and where to go for advice and guidance.

If you have any questions about actual results, please speak to your school or college. We cannot give out or discuss results with you directly, even if your school or college is closed.

Collecting results

Find out the dates of upcoming results days.

All students need to collect their results from their school or college on results day.

  • Schools/colleges will advise how and what time results can be collected.
  • If you are unable to collect your results on results day, please make alternative arrangements with the school/college ahead of results day.
  • Students receive their results from all exam boards on the same day.
  • Home-schoolers or private candidates should speak to the school/college where they sat their exams to find out about results day arrangements.

Results slips

On results day, you'll receive a results slip showing your provisional results. Results are provisional in case there is a change. For example, your grade could go up or down if your exam paper is reviewed.

You might get one results slip per exam board, or a single slip created by your school or college showing the results from all the exam boards you took exams with.

9 to 1 grading for new GCSEs

New GCSEs will be graded 9 to 1, rather than A* to G. The new grades were given for the first time in summer 2017 for GCSE English Language, GCSE English Literature and GCSE Maths.

See our 9 to 1 grading page for more information and our video about the new grading system.

Understanding your results slips

  • As the new GCSEs are being introduced in phases, you’ll see a mixture of letter grades and number grades on your results slips and certificates in 2019.
  • Results slips for our new linear GCSE, AS and A-level specifications will only show an overall subject grade – not uniform marks.
  • For modular qualifications, we use UMS marks to determine the grade, so you will see a UMS result for each unit, alongside the overall subject grade.
  • Endorsements for GCSE English Language (8700) spoken language, plus A-level Biology Chemistry and Physics, will be reported separately on results slips and certificates.
  • For AQA Certificate in further Maths Level 2 qualification, A* with distinction is reported as A^.

Symbols used in results slips

  • No result (X) indicates a result is not being issued because you were absent for all parts of the exam, or because of a decision not to issue a result for another reason. The subject will not appear on a certificate.
  • Pending (Q) indicates that no result has been issued as the marks for one or more components of the exam are not available.
  • # indicates that you were absent for part of the exam in the subject and awarded a zero mark for this part.
  • + indicates that you were exempt from part of the assessment.

See our results slips page for sample AQA results slips.

Subjects that use the Uniform Mark Scale (UMS)

For modular qualifications, the Uniform Mark Scale (UMS) helps us set grade boundaries accurately. UMS marks from all your units are added together to give you your overall mark for the subject.

Uniform marks won’t be used for the new linear GCSE, AS and A-level specifications for first teaching from September 2015.

UMS converter

Your results slip already shows UMS marks for modular qualifications, but if you have a copy of your marked exam paper with the raw marks, you can use the UMS converter to convert your raw marks to UMS marks.

Grade boundaries

Grade boundaries show the minimum number of marks you need for each grade and are published on our website on results day.

  • If you have a results slip showing UMS for the subject, use the UMS/points grade boundaries tables to work out how many UMS marks you need to achieve each grade.
  • If you have a results slip showing a single grade for the subject (including grades 9 to 1), use the raw mark grade boundary tables if your school or college has given you your exam paper (raw) mark. If you don’t have the raw mark, your teacher or exams officer can help you.

Watch our Making the grades video to find out how grade boundaries are set. This information is also summarised in our quick guide to understanding your results flowchart.

If you’re unhappy with your results

Talk to your teacher or exams officer as they will be best placed to help you. There are a number of post-results services available (such as a review of marking or resitting an exam), but your school or college will need to request these on your behalf. You can’t request post-results services from us directly, even if you disagree with the teacher or if your school is closed.

See our page on what to do if you're unhappy with your results or post-results services flowchart for guidance on the options that are available.

If there is a university place pending, your school or college can request a priority review of marking.

University applications and admissions

We send all A-level results directly to UCAS as it manages university admissions. If you have any questions about a university application, or clearing for 2019, please contact UCAS directly.

Some universities may hold conditional offers until they have the outcome of the post-results service.

Overseas universities

  • You may need your results or certificates earlier to apply for, or confirm, overseas university or college places. Find out when they need your results information – their deadlines and timescales may be different to our certificate release dates.
  • We can confirm results from the current series directly to overseas universities, but we charge a fee to deliver these by DHL. See our results slips page for details.


We send certificates about eight weeks after results day to the schools/colleges where the exams were sat. Certificates show the final, confirmed results. Your certificate is an important document so keep it in a safe place. You will need it for future employers and/or further education, and we charge for any replacement documents.

See our page on exam certificates for details of when you'll receive your certificates by.