What to expect on results days, the documents you receive, and where to go for advice and guidance.
If you have any questions about actual results, please speak to your school or college. We cannot give out or discuss results with you directly, even if your school or college is closed.
Your school or college will have let you know what time you can go in and collect your results. If you are unable to collect your results on results day, please make alternative arrangements.
Home-schoolers or private candidates should have spoken to the school or college where they sat their exams to find out about results day arrangements.
You'll receive a results slip showing your provisional results. Results are provisional in case there is a change. For example, your grade could go up or down if your exam paper is reviewed.
Understanding your results slips
- Results slips for our linear qualifications (for example GCSE and most AS and A-levels) will only show an overall subject grade, not uniform marks.
- For modular qualifications, we use UMS marks to determine the grade, so you will see a UMS result for each unit, alongside the overall subject grade (for example outgoing A-levels, FSMQ and Technical Awards).
- Endorsements for GCSE English Language (8700) spoken language, plus A-level Biology (7402), Chemistry (7405) and Physics (7408), will be reported separately on results slips and certificates.
- For AQA Level 2 Certificate in Further Maths (8360), and Level 2 qualification, A* with distinction grade is reported as A^.
Symbols used in results slips
- No result (X) indicates a result is not being issued because you were absent for all parts of the exam, or because of a decision not to issue a result for another reason. The subject will not appear on a certificate.
- Pending (Q) indicates that no result has been issued as the marks for one or more components of the exam are not available.
- # indicates that you were absent for part of the exam in the subject and awarded a zero mark for this part.
- + indicates that you were exempt from part of the assessment.
9 to 1 grading for GCSEs
All GCSEs are now graded 9 to 1, rather than A* to G. See our 9 to 1 grading page for more information and an explanatory video.
Subjects that use the Uniform Mark Scale (UMS)
For modular qualifications, the Uniform Mark Scale (UMS) helps us set grade boundaries accurately. UMS marks from all your units are added together to give you your overall mark for the subject, which will be shown on your results slip. If you have a copy of your marked exam paper with the raw marks, you can use the UMS converter to convert your raw marks to UMS marks.
Uniform marks are not used for GCSE, AS and A-level specifications because they are linear qualifications.
Grade boundaries show the minimum number of marks you need for each grade and are published on our website on results day.
- If you have a results slip showing UMS for the subject, use the UMS/points grade boundaries tables to work out how many UMS marks you need to achieve each grade.
- If you have a results slip showing a single grade for the subject (including grades 9 to 1), use the raw mark grade boundary tables if your school or college has given you your exam paper (raw) mark. If you don’t have the raw mark, your teacher or exams officer can help you.
Watch our Making the grades video to find out how grade boundaries are set. This information is also summarised in our quick guide to understanding your results flowchart.
If you’re unhappy with your results
Talk to your teacher or exams officer as they will be best placed to help you. There are a number of post-results services available (such as a review of marking or resitting an exam), but your school or college will need to request these on your behalf. You can’t request post-results services from us directly, even if you disagree with the teacher or if your school is closed.
See our page on what to do if you're unhappy with your results or post-results services flowchart for guidance on the options that are available. If there is a university place pending, your school or college can request a priority review of marking.
If you're concerned about your future options, you can also contact the National Careers Service to speak directly to a careers adviser for advice and guidance.
University applications and admissions
We send all A-level results directly to UCAS as it manages university admissions. If you have any questions about a university application or clearing, please contact UCAS directly.
Some universities may hold conditional offers until they have the outcome of the post-results service.
- You may need your results or certificates earlier to apply for, or confirm, overseas university or college places. Find out when they need your results information – their deadlines and timescales may be different to our certificate release dates.
- We can confirm results from the current series directly to overseas universities, but we charge a fee to deliver these by DHL. See our results slips page for details.
We send certificates about eight weeks after results day to the schools/colleges where the exams were sat. Certificates show the final, confirmed results. Your certificate is an important document so keep it in a safe place. You will need it for future employers and/or further education, and we charge for any replacement documents.
See our page on exam certificates for details of when you'll receive your certificates by.