Results day

What to expect on results days, the documents you receive, and where to go for advice and guidance.

Collecting results

Please speak to your school or college about how they'll be providing your results. If you're a private candidate, please speak to the school or college where you did your exams to find out how to collect your results.

Results slips

You'll receive a results slip showing your provisional results. Results are provisional until certificates are issued.

Understanding your results slips

For summer 2022 exam results, your results slips will show unit results (which were absent from results slips in summer 2021 except for Functional Skills).

As well as your overall grade, you’ll also be able to see component-level marks and the grade for any endorsement elements (such as the GCSE English Spoken Language endorsement).

You can view example results slips for GCSE and A-Levels.

Symbols used in results slips

No result (X) and Pending (Q) grades indicate that a result is not being issued. If you have one of these grades on your results slip, please get in touch with your school or college.


Grade boundaries

Grade boundaries show the minimum number of marks you need for each grade and are published on our website on results day at 8.00am.

Find grade boundaries for the most recent exam series

  • If you have a results slip showing a single grade for the subject (including grades 9 to 1), use the raw mark grade boundary tables if your school or college has given you your exam paper (raw) mark. If you don’t have the raw mark, your teacher or exams officer can help you.
  • If you have a results slip showing UMS for the subject, use the UMS/points grade boundaries tables to work out how many UMS marks you need to achieve each grade.

Watch our Making the grades video to find out how grade boundaries are set. This information is also summarised in our quick guide to understanding your results flowchart.

9 to 1 grading for GCSEs

All GCSEs are now graded 9 to 1, rather than A* to G. See our 9 to 1 grading page for more information and an explanatory video.

Subjects that use the Uniform Mark Scale (UMS)

For modular qualifications, the Uniform Mark Scale helps us set grade boundaries accurately. UMS marks from all your units are added together to give you your overall mark for the subject, which will be shown on your results slip.

Uniform marks are not used for GCSE, AS and A-level specifications because they are linear qualifications.

If you’re unhappy with your results

If you have any questions about your results, please speak to your school or college. We cannot give out or discuss results with you directly, even if your school or college is closed.

For more information on who to contact and what your options are, see our page on what to do if you're unhappy with your results.

If you're concerned about your future options, you can also contact the National Careers Service to speak directly to a careers adviser for advice and guidance.

University applications and admissions

We send all A-level results directly to UCAS as it manages university admissions. If you have any questions about a university application or clearing, please contact UCAS directly.

Overseas universities

  • You may need your results or certificates earlier to apply for, or confirm, overseas university or college places. Find out when they need your results information – their deadlines and timescales may be different to our certificate release dates.
  • We can confirm results from the current series directly to overseas universities, but we charge a fee to deliver these by DHL. See our results slips page for details.


We send certificates about eight weeks after results day to the schools/colleges where the exams were sat. Certificates show the final, confirmed results. Your certificate is an important document so keep it in a safe place. You will need it for future employers and/or further education, and we charge for any replacement documents.

See our page on exam certificates for details of when you'll receive your certificates.