In order to be able to develop their skills, knowledge and understanding in chemistry, students need to have been taught, and to have acquired competence in, the appropriate areas of mathematics as indicated in the table of coverage below.
Overall, at least 20% of the marks in assessments for chemistry will require the use of mathematical skills. These skills will be applied in the context of chemistry Alevel and will be at least the standard of higher tier GCSE mathematics.
The following tables illustrate where these mathematical skills may be developed during teaching or could be assessed. Those shown in bold type would only be tested in the full Alevel course.
This list of examples is not exhaustive. These skills could be developed or assessed in other areas of specification content. Other areas where these skills could be developed have been exemplified throughout the specification.
6.1 Arithmetic and numerical computation
 Mathematical skills  Exemplification of mathematical skill in the context of Chemistry 

MS 0.0  Recognise and make use of appropriate units in calculation  Students may be tested on their ability to:  convert between units, eg cm^{3} to dm^{3} as part of volumetric calculations
 give units for an equilibrium constant or a rate constant
 understand that different units are used in similar topic areas, so that conversions may be necessary, eg entropy in J mol^{–1} K^{–1} and enthalpy changes in kJ mol^{–1} .

MS 0.1  Recognise and use expressions in decimal and ordinary form  Students may be tested on their ability to:  use an appropriate number of decimal places in calculations, eg for pH
 carry out calculations using numbers in standard and ordinary form, eg use of Avogadro’s number
 understand standard form when applied to areas such as (but not limited to) K _{w}
 convert between numbers in standard and ordinary form
 understand that significant figures need retaining when making conversions between standard and ordinary form, eg 0.0050 mol dm^{–3} is equivalent to 5.0 × 10^{–3} mol dm^{–3} .

MS 0.2  Use ratios, fractions and percentages  Students may be tested on their ability to:  calculate percentage yields
 calculate the atom economy of a reaction
 construct and/or balance equations using ratios.

MS 0.3  Estimate results  Students may be tested on their ability to:  evaluate the effect of changing experimental parameters on measurable values, eg how the value of K _{c} would change with temperature given different specified conditions.

MS 0.4  Use calculators to find and use power, exponential and logarithmic functions  Students may be tested on their ability to:  carry out calculations using the Avogadro constant
 carry out pH and p K _{a} calculations
 make appropriate mathematical approximations in buffer calculations .

6.2 Handling data
 Mathematical skills  Exemplification of mathematical skill in the context of Chemistry 

MS 1.1  Use an appropriate number of significant figures  Students may be tested on their ability to:  report calculations to an appropriate number of significant figures, given raw data quoted to varying numbers of significant figures
 understand that calculated results can only be reported to the limits of the least accurate measurement.

MS 1.2  Find arithmetic means  Students may be tested on their ability to:  calculate weighted means, eg calculation of an atomic mass based on supplied isotopic abundances
 select appropriate titration data (ie identification of outliers) in order to calculate mean titres.

MS 1.3  Identify uncertainties in measurements and use simple techniques to determine uncertainty when data are combined  Students may be tested on their ability to:  determine uncertainty when two burette readings are used to calculate a titre value.

6.3 Algebra
 Mathematical skills  Exemplification of mathematical skill in the context of Chemistry 

MS 2.1  Understand and use the symbols: =, <, <<, >>, >, $\mathsf{\propto}$ , ~, equilibrium sign  No exemplification required. 
MS 2.2  Change the subject of an equation  Students may be tested on their ability to:  carry out structured and unstructured mole calculations, eg calculate a rate constant k from a rate equation .

MS 2.3  Substitute numerical values into algebraic equations using appropriate units for physical quantities  Students may be tested on their ability to:  carry out structured and unstructured mole calculations
 calculate the value of an equilibrium constant K _{c} .
 carry out rate calculations

MS 2.4  Solve algebraic equations  Students may be tested on their ability to:  carry out Hess’s law calculations
 calculate a rate constant k from a rate equation .

MS 2.5  Use logarithms in relation to quantities that range over several orders of magnitude  Students may be tested on their ability to:  carry out pH and p K _{a} calculations .

6.4 Graphs
 Mathematical skills  Exemplification of mathematical skill in the context of Chemistry 

MS 3.1  Translate information between graphical, numerical and algebraic forms  Students may be tested on their ability to:  interpret and analyse spectra
 determine the order of a reaction from a graph
 derive a rate expression from a graph .

MS 3.2  Plot two variables from experimental or other data  Students may be tested on their ability to:  plot concentration–time graphs from collected or supplied data and draw an appropriate bestfit curve.

MS 3.3  Determine the slope and intercept of a linear graph  Students may be tested on their ability to:  calculate the rate constant of a zeroorder reaction by determination of the gradient of a concentration–time graph .

MS 3.4  Calculate rate of change from a graph showing a linear relationship  Students may be tested on their ability to:  calculate the rate constant of a zeroorder reaction by determination of the gradient of a concentration–time graph .

MS 3.5  Draw and use the slope of a tangent to a curve as a measure of rate of change  Students may be tested on their ability to:  determine the order of a reaction using the initial rates method .

6.5 Geometry and trigonometry
 Mathematical skills  Exemplification of mathematical skill in the context of Chemistry 

MS 4.1  Use angles and shapes in regular 2D and 3D structures  Students may be tested on their ability to:  predict/identify shapes of and bond angles in molecules with and without a lone pair(s), for example NH_{3} , CH_{4} , H_{2} O etc.

MS 4.2  Visualise and represent 2D and 3D forms including twodimensional representations of 3D objects  Students may be tested on their ability to:  draw different forms of isomers
 identify chiral centres from a 2D or 3D representation .

MS 4.3  Understand the symmetry of 2D and 3D shapes  Students may be tested on their ability to:  describe the types of stereoisomerism shown by molecules/complexes
 identify chiral centres from a 2D or 3D representation .
